Tesi, progetti e utopie di una globalizzazione della democrazia e dei valori liberali
| JUS - 2003 - 1
Why the globalisation is not simply an internationalisation in progress, of trade and of investments and finance? No one economic phenomenon can rise rules (even if implied), by which it is shaped. The Author argues that the shape of the actual globalisation is illiberal, because the rules governing it are illiberal and they are not even useful to avoid the decline of the global market towards an oligopolistic one. The Author emphasises the influence of the WTO and remarks the non democratic creation of the rules. The Market and the Global Market Lords overpower the States and, therefore, the Politics declines. On the other hand, the Iraqi (and the Afghani) wars are the consequence of this kind of globalisation and have to be considered as a result of the imperialist view, and consciousness, of the US government. Coming to the «propositional part» of his speech, the Author indicates some principles and, on the basis of these principles, shows the solutions for some exemplary concrete problems: the problem of the water provision (which cannot be left to the business rules); the problem of the polluting licence obtained by paying money, etc.; the problem of the limits of the majority powers in any democratically organised social body, be it a national State, be it an international or a supernational organisation. At the end, the paper records the Nassiriya declaration as ab evidence of the need of the Primacy of the law in any State, whatever organised, and mentions the Encyclical letter of Pope Giovanni XXIII Pacem in terris as a declaration of the globalisation’s juridical principles. It is therefore required that ONU, popular parties, intellectual and Universities take the responsibility to giving to globalisation a human face.