News / Papers (2)

News / Papers

Il processo di codificazione del diritto canonico tra istanze conservative e spinte progressiste
News > Papers
29.08.2023

Aug

29

Sebbene già dalla pur breve esperienza del primo Concilio del Vaticano siano nati i suggerimenti di riforma e gli auspici per una codificazione moderna del diritto canonico, e molti autori abbiano privatamente realizzato dei veri e propri codici, ed a partire dal 1891 non si smise più di presentare, ai convegni internazionali cattolici, dei rapporti volti a dimostrare la necessità di una revisione e codificazione del diritto canonico, una tale opera continuava a sembrare impossibile . Erano soprattutto i canonisti tedeschi a criticare questa idea ed è significativo che nessun progetto privato di codificazione sia venuto dalla Germania .
La traduzione in concreto di quello che era un desiderio di tutti è possibile – come scrive il Gasparri – solo con l’elezione di un pontefice come Pio X, "convinto della necessità del Codice e disposto a superare tutte le gravi difficoltà che la sua compilazione avrebbe necessariamente presentate" . La pubblicazione, il 19 marzo 1904, del motu proprio di Pio X Arduum sane munus de ecclesiae legibus in unum redigendis , con il quale la Santa Sede non solo prendeva l’iniziativa, ma si assumeva anche la direzione dei lavori di codificazione, causò molta sorpresa negli ambienti ecclesiastici. In tale atto Pio X innanzitutto ripercorre brevemente la storia delle fonti del diritto canonico e mette in rilievo gli sforzi posti in essere dai Pontefici del Medio Evo, da quelli del XVI secolo e dallo stesso Benedetto XIV nell’ambito del diritto. Tuttavia egli constata che i testi legislativi risultano sparsi nelle varie collezioni, alcune prescrizioni sono state abrogate ed altre sono difficili da applicare o addirittura communi animorum bono minus utiles. Pio IX e Leone XIII hanno cercato di rimediare a tali inconvenienti riformando alcuni settori del diritto canonico, ma la loro opera non è stata sufficiente. Quindi il Pontefice richiama le richieste dei vescovi e dei cardinali di riunire in una sola raccolta tutte le norme cogenti della Chiesa adattandole alle esigenze del tempo, e cita espressamente i postulata presentati al Concilio Vaticano I. Convinto della necessità di una tale riforma ed in risposta alle richieste più volte rivoltegli, Pio X intraprende la grande opera della codificazione del diritto canonico, che sarà portata a termine da Benedetto XV.

scritto da Sammassimo Anna
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Brevi note sulla disciplina delle ipoteche nella Milano napoleonica. Dall’assimilazione legislativa francese a quella asburgica
News > Papers
28.08.2023

Aug

28

Il processo di adattamento della disciplina transalpina al regno Italico coinvolse anche il diritto ipotecario. In epoca napoleonica, nel Regno d’Italia, erano state mantenute le ipoteche
legali tacite e le ipoteche generali a favore di alcuni soggetti, con evidente pregiudizio per i terzi. Oltre alle norme contenute nel codice, in Francia era stata emanata una disciplina
speciale con lo scopo principale di integrare la disciplina codicistica. Luosi aveva ritenuto che le stesse disposizioni avrebbero dovuto essere emanate anche nel Regno Italico, “essendo la
legislazione in materia comune”. La fine della dominazione francese comportò l’applicazione, ancora una volta, di una nuova legislazione. Si è cercato, dunque, di capire cosa accadde
durante il passaggio dal Codice napoleonico all’ABGB, che, come è noto, era molto avanzato in materia ipotecaria, avendo attuato i moderni principi di pubblicità e specialità in modo più
rigoroso rispetto al codice francese.

scritto da Mastrolia Paola
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Alle origini dell’idea di Codice: progetti e realizzazioni
News > Papers
27.08.2023

Aug

27

Il contributo si concentra sull’origine dell’idea giuridica di “codice”: si percorrono, tramite l’analisi delle fonti (Svetonio, Isidoro e Pomponio), i primi progetti codificatori tardo-repubblicani di Pompeo e di Cesare, progetti di sistematizzazione che fallirono a causa dell’opposizione dei iurisperiti, inclini a conservare un sistema aperto. In questo contesto si indaga il ruolo di Servio Sulpicio Rufo, di Alfeno Varo e di Aulo Ofilio. Attraverso l’analisi delle radici semantiche del termine “codice”, si giunge alla svolta del Tardo Antico, quando, a partire dall’epoca dioclezianea, si concretizzano gradualmente i progetti di raccolta e organizzazione delle costituzioni imperiali.

scritto da Biavaschi Paola
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Tra diritto romano e diritto costituzionale. Uno studio sulle regulae iuris
News > Papers
26.08.2023

Aug

26

Nel presente saggio, partendo dalla lettura di un recente volume di diritto costituzionale sulla storia delle regole giuridiche, si affrontano alcune questioni che ineriscono alla genesi dommatica e al percorso storiografico delle regulae iuris, con specifico riguardo alle fonti romanistiche e alla letteratura giuridica romana. Ne derivano alcune interessanti suggestioni, anche sotto il profilo comparatistico, di non irrilevante interesse tanto per la prospettiva di analisi del giusromanista, quanto per quella del costituzionalista più sensibile agli aspetti storico-giuridici e filosofici del diritto costituzionale.

scritto da Frunzio Marina
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Military and administrative law: development trends in the context of Russian military aggression challenges and threats
News > Papers
02.07.2023

Jul

2

In today's world, given the rapid development of global transformation processes, economic, political and legal systems, ensuring the full functioning of any state without proper provision of defence and security sector is virtually impossible. However, despite the transformation of the matter of national security and defence from the height of scientific discussions down to practical actions within the framework of the state security policy, the issue of effective legal regulation of the country's defence remains open. The current military-political situation around Ukraine, caused by the full-scale invasion of the Russian aggressor on the territory of Ukraine, which increasingly reveals theoretical and practical issues in the field of military-administrative law of Ukraine and proves the lack of proper attention to the legal aspects of defence, also increases the urgency of the problem. The purpose of this article is to analyse the system of military-administrative law, trends in its development in order to improve the cur-rent system of state defence in the context of Russian military aggression. To achieve this goal, authors used a system of scientific methods, including, in particular: dialectical method, method of synthesis and analysis, method of deduction, historical method, historical-legal, formal-legal method and system-structural method. During the work, authors analysed theo-retical issues of the development of military-administrative law, the existing military-administrative legislation and found a number of problems that currently exist, in particular the lack of proper legal regulation of the activities of the Territorial Defence Forces and mili-tary administrations and the interaction of volunteer organizations and the Armed Forces. Au-thors also covered functioning of the Cabinet of Ministers during an armed attack, the issue of parliamentary control over the activities of the security and defence sector, where authors provided possible solutions. The results of the study have priority for the formation and devel-opment of military-administrative law as a separate sub-branch of Special Administrative Law and the reform of the security and defence sector in the context of administrative and le-gal support of the state defence.

scritto da DIKHTIIEVSKYI PETRO
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Globalisation of administrative law in the context of modern challenges and threats
News > Papers
01.07.2023

Jul

1

The purpose of this study is to clarify the role of administrative law in ensuring the global public interest, outline the approaches that are used in administrative regulation when formu-lating the content of public interest, ways to ensure it, and the ratio of public and private in-terests of individuals, establish whether administrative law acquires signs of globality. Meth-ods such as observation, analysis, generalization, and abstraction were used in the study. It was established that the development of global administrative law is designed to solve the problem of adapting national mechanisms of administrative regulation for their use in the global administrative space to ensure global public interest. The development of global ad-ministrative law in such areas as ensuring sanitary and epidemic well-being, the use of outer space, environmental safety, and the use of information networks is inevitable. The study co-vers the development of global, not international law. The signs of such “globality” are pre-cisely the global public interest and global space.

scritto da BOIKO IRYNA
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Main principles of ecology politics and law of the EU
News > Papers
30.06.2023

Jun

30

The relevance of environmental protection is caused by its importance for the current and fu-ture life of people on the planet. The research aims to examine the basic principles underlying the development and implementation of the European Union’s (EU) environmental policy. As a result, the sources of EU environmental law were identified, namely, international docu-ments whose provisions relate to the use, protection, and restoration of the environment. The principles underlying the development and implementation of the EU environmental policy were described, and their content and significance were assessed. In addition, the research examines the structure of the EU’s horizontal environmental legislation, which includes sever-al legal acts regulating a particular sector of relations. An assessment of the EU’s current ac-tivities in the field of environmental protection was made, accompanied by an analysis of the Eighth Environment Action Program. Thus, the main approaches to the control and regula-tion of environmental relations in the EU were established to realize the rational and compre-hensive environmental development of the states.

scritto da SUKHOREBRA TETIANA
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Social Security as a Constitutional Feature of the Ukrainian State
News > Papers
29.06.2023

Jun

29

The relevance of this study lies in the fact that positive law is designed to maintain a reasona-ble balance, that is, a reasonable balance between the will of the state and the will of the citi-zens who constitute the population of the respective state, and such a balance can be achieved only in the context of the sociocultural dimension of positive law. Such a balance can be achieved only in the context of the sociocultural dimension of positive law. Social security plays an important role in this process. The purpose of the article is to investigate the constitu-tional practice of normative regulation of the right to social security in Ukraine and the states of continental Europe. The authors have considered the legal content of the right enshrined in Article 46 of the Constitution of Ukraine, and analyze similar norms of the constitutions of European countries. It was concluded that the right to social security is closely related to the standard of living of Ukrainian citizens. Therefore, under conditions of significant social strat-ification of Ukrainian society, a sharp decline in the level of security of the economically inac-tive part of the population, the problems of insufficient protection of the right to social securi-ty cause an urgent need for theoretical rethinking and comprehension of the legal content, making proposals that would contribute to a more effective provision of this right.

scritto da KRYKHOVETSKYI IVAN
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Constitutional model of parliamentary immunity: Ukrainian and European experience
News > Papers
28.06.2023

Jun

28

The purpose of this article is the methodological understanding of the foundations of the con-stitutional institution of parliamentary immunity, the characteristics of the constitutional models of this institution, and the clarification of problems arising in the process of the aboli-tion of parliamentary immunity and proposals for ways to solve them. Among the methods used to study this topic are: dialectical method, formalisation method, legal method, formal-legal method, hermeneutic method, logical-legal method, systemic, structural-functional method, axiomatic method, method of induction and deduction, method analysis and synthe-sis. The results of this article are clarification of the specific features of the institution of par-liamentary immunity in various European countries; establishing and analysing the main models of parliamentary immunity; study of the stages and procedure of cancellation of the immunity of deputies in Ukraine and determination of negative and positive aspects of such cancellation; carrying out a study of the specific features of the application of it in the activi-ties of parliamentarians.

scritto da MIKHNEVYCH LIUDMYLA
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Judicial Activism: A Logical or Intuitive Method of Applying Law
News > Papers
27.06.2023

Jun

27

The relevance of this study lies in the need for a thorough investigation of the judge’s right to judicial activism in case of disagreement or partial disagreement with a court decision, as a guarantee of the independence of their activities, as well as the definition of methods used up-on engaging in judicial activism, namely a logical or intuitive method, to establish the role and purpose of this institution in the legal system of Ukraine. The purpose of this study is to de-termine the role and purpose of the institution of “judicial activism” and to identify the meth-ods used to express a separate opinion in case of disagreement with the decision taken in the case. The methods used to investigate the subject include comparative method, legal recogni-tion method, dialectical method, formalisation method, logical legal method, historical meth-od, system method, axiomatic method, hermeneutical method, synthesis and analysis method, and others. During the study, the main concepts and terms used in this paper were defined; the study established the purpose and allocation of functions of the right to judicial activism as a guarantee of the independence of judge’s activities; determined the features of the institu-tion of judicial activism; studied the role of intuitive and logical methods in expressing a sepa-rate opinion in case of disagreement with the court’s decision; compared these methods and determined their features and their application when using the right to judicial activism. In addition, the author investigated the application of the right to judicial activism in courts of general jurisdiction, in the Constitutional Court of Ukraine, and courts of international juris-diction, including the European Court of Human Rights; compared the use of logical and in-tuitive methods upon engaging in judicial activism; identified problems and contradictions in the use of these methods and identified their negative aspects. The provisions set out in this paper are of practical value for employees of judicial bodies, namely judges, in the perfor-mance of their professional activities.

scritto da BALYNSKA OLHA
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