News / Papers (5)

News / Papers

Città insicure
News > Papers
23.06.2023

Jun

23

Sebbene politica non solo recente potrebbe giustificare un processo alle intenzioni, si è rimasti da esse lontani per dovere scientifico e speranza civica. Ma ci si è comunque trovati vicini – più di quanto possa piacere – al timore che la gestione penale della comunità diventi un processo para-ideologico privo di dati empirici ed elaborazioni concettuali auspicati. La scienza della legislazione, il diritto penale, la sociologia sono solo alcuni approcci possibili che non dovrebbero essere rifiutati dalla criminologia: scienza multidisciplinare che trova identità nella funzione che persegue più che nei mezzi che utilizza.

scritto da Bondi Alessandro
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L’accusa parlamentare tra classificazione e comparazione: il metodo storico-giuridico di Vittore Teixeira de Mattos
News > Papers
22.06.2023

Jun

22

Nel 1909, il giudice Vittore Teixeira de Mattos pubblicò un volume dedicato all'accusa parlamentare e alla responsabilità ministeriale e alle ipotetiche modifiche da apportare allo Statuto Albertino. La storiografia giuridica, forse per l'eccessiva mole dell'opera (quasi mille pagine), non ha dedicato molta attenzione a questo libro; l'indagine appare invece molto interessante sia per la passione dell'autore nell'affrontare il tema della ricerca, sia per l'interessante metodo di studio utilizzato contemporaneamente a una classificazione ea una comparativa. L'articolo ripercorre le pagine di Teixeira, ed evidenzia punto per punto le proposte de iure condendo avanzate dallo studioso poco più di un secolo fa.

scritto da Cirillo Angelina
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Troppo sarebbe che un privato potesse imporre ad una comune’.Di un caso di (mancato) esproprio nel Ticino di inizio Ottocento
News > Papers
21.06.2023

Jun

21

Prendendo avvio dal case study rappresentato da una controversia sorta nel Canton Ticino tra un cittadino e l'amministrazione comunale per la proprietà di una strada, il presente articolo intende indagare il ruolo svolto dal diritto nella formazione di un nuovo concetto di spazialità e, quindi, il rapporto esistente tra la costruzione della statualità moderna e la gestione e trasformazione del territorio nella prima metà dell'Ottocento.
Una volta esaminata la disciplina legislativa ticinese in materia di viabilità, è in particolare la possibilità di attuare l'istituto dell'espropriazione forzata ad assumere un rilievo assolutamente significativo, in quanto il richiamo al concetto di pubblica utilità e il necessario equilibrio tra l'esercizio del potere e la garanzia della proprietà individuale iniziano in quest’epoca ad essere al centro di un discorso, che nei decenni successivi giocherà un ruolo crescente nella dialettica pubblico-privato.

scritto da Fedrighini Michele
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Il whistleblowing quale strumento di prevenzione e di lotta agli abusi sessuali e alla corruzione nel diritto canonico e nel diritto vaticano
News > Papers
20.06.2023

Jun

20

The article deals with the Anglo-Saxon legal institution of 'whistleblowing', which has recently become part of the Italian legal system as well. This legal institute has become an effective tool in the fight against Vatican corruption and sexual abuse of minors or vulnerable persons in the Church. The institute of 'whistleblowing' has had echoes in Vatican and Canon Law with the enactment of the Law on Transparency in Public Finance Management of 26 April 2021 and with the new version of the Motu Proprio 'Vox estis lux mundi' of 25 March 2023. In the Church, the inclusion of the institute of "whistleblowing" therefore represents a high-performance legal tool for combating whistleblowing conduct, thanks to its operational mechanism that creates an optimal balance between protecting the whistleblower and guaranteeing the whistleblower.

scritto da Micciché Rosangela
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La dignitas quale criterio giuridico nel pactum quo minus solvatur
News > Papers
19.06.2023

Jun

19

Il presente articolo approfondisce la disciplina del pactum quo (o ut) minus solvatur nel diritto romano, soffermandosi, in particolar modo, sul significato che in esso assume il criterio giuridico della dignitas.
Tale pactum consentiva ai creditori ereditari - in accordo tra loro e con gli eredi - di rinunciare a parte dei propri crediti, al fine di evitare l’apertura del procedimento infamante della bonòrum vendìtio. Tuttavia, in caso di controversia tra creditori, il pretore avrebbe dovuto individuare ed imporre la volontà della maggioranza, seguendo i criteri stabiliti nel passo D. 2. 14. 8.
L’elaborato, oltre a interrogarsi sul concetto di «dignità romana» e sul rapporto tra dignitas ed uguaglianza, propone una rilettura di tali criteri alla luce dell’eredità tramandata dalla retorica antica.

scritto da Russo Roberta
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Administration of the process of rule-making activity in some countries of the European Union and Ukraine: A comparative analysis
News > Papers
29.04.2023

Apr

29

Today, the implementation of rule-making activities plays a very important role in the functioning of any state. After all, there is no state in which legal norms are not created in order to regulate certain social or legal relations. However, the implementation of rule-making activities in each state has certain features that are determined by certain factors. The question of comparing these factors is of great theoretical and practical importance. Also, in connection with the active European integration of Ukraine, a theoretical analysis of rule-making in the countries of the European Union is very important in order to borrow the positive aspects of this activity. In addition, it should be borne in mind that Ukraine has long been part of the Soviet Union, where the main value was the state, not the people, in contrast to the European Union and the rule-making process was aimed to preserve it. In connection with the active European integration of Ukraine, a theoretical analysis of rule-making in general, and law-making in particular, in the European Union is very important. The above requires a detailed study of the factors influencing the implementation of rule-making in the European Union and Ukraine, as well as their comparison.

scritto da ZAVERUKHA VOLODYMYR
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Legal foundations and features of public administration in the budgetary sphere in Ukraine and abroad
News > Papers
28.04.2023

Apr

28

The purpose of this study is to provide a comprehensive and detailed analysis of the legal regulation of the Ukrainian budget system and to identify ways of overcoming and preventing them. The methodological basis of the study is utilizing a combination of qualitative and quantitative research methods. The methodology includes a legal analysis of current legislation, case studies, and statistical data analysis to provide a comprehensive understanding of the current state of the budgetary system in Ukraine. Their choice was determined by the purpose and objective of the study's research, taking into account its object and subject matter. The place of the budget system in the financial system of Ukraine is clarified. The methodological elements of the system of budget law sources, their distinction by legal force (building a hierarchy of acts of budget legislation, types of acts of budget legislation) are defined. As a result, scientific research has made it possible to characterise the specific features of the legal basis for the budget system of Ukraine.

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Legislative policy of the state and the role of parliamentary committees in its formation
News > Papers
27.04.2023

Apr

27

In this paper the authors considered the concepts and principles of legal policy, the legislature of the world and in particular Ukraine, highlighted the concept of legislative policy and more. The work also studied the constitutional and legal status of parliamentary committees of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine, their role in the production of legislative policy of the state; considered the work of the committee on legal policy of Verkhovna Rada. As a result, it was concluded that committees are the main organisational structure of parliament in the vast majority of modern democracies. The practice of the parliaments of many countries of the world shows that the effective implementation of the parliament's functions is possible only if the proper functioning of its committees is organised. However, in the current conditions of the Ukrainian political situation, the situation is somewhat different. In the parliament of Ukraine, which is formed of a pro-presidential majority, the role of committees in shaping legislative policy is insignificant, as it is de facto formed in the Office of the President.

scritto da VIKTORIIA TERNAVSKA
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Freedom of contract as a fundamental principle of Ukrainian and EU contract law
News > Papers
26.04.2023

Apr

26

The purpose of the study is to define the legal essence of freedom of contract as a principle of contract law in Ukrainian and European Union civil law. Among the main methods of analysis a comparative method was used, which enabled to conduct a comparison of the reflection of principle “freedom of contract” in the acts of Ukraine and EU law, the Ukrainian practice of protecting this principle with the legal framework of regulation and protection of the research object in other countries, in particular in EU countries; analytical method, which enabled to assess the extent of using the principle of freedom of contract and establishing limitations of its action in civil-law relations. The legal essence of the principle "freedom of contract" in the private law of Ukraine and EU countries, its reflection in the acts of Ukraine and EU law, as well as the ratio of the principle with the related concepts was determined; the practice of interpretation and application of the principle of freedom of contract in the regulation of private legal relations in Ukraine and EU countries, as well as regulation of its limitations and their consequences were analysed.

scritto da NAHNYBIDA VOLODYMYR
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Problematic aspects of regulatory consolidation of administrative legal personality of public councils
News > Papers
25.04.2023

Apr

25

In this study, the authors attempted to conduct a theoretical and statutory analysis of the consolidation of legal personality of the main public councils. The study of this category was aimed at studying the main terminology used in the legislation to determine the systemic legal means by which public councils realise their role as an institution of civil society. The authors investigated a considerable, relevant array of regulations that govern organisational aspects of the implementation of the rights and obligations of public councils. The study analysed the main provisions concerning the implementation of legal personality by public councils through the lens of the main regulations that determine their functioning grounds. Furthermore, it was declared that the state is responsible to each individual for its activities in the implementation and protection of the rights and freedoms of the latter.

scritto da KOVBAS IHOR
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