L’origine giansenista della formula cavouriana “libera Chiesa in libero Stato”
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Recalling Pietro Stella’s references to the thought of Ottato (320-397 a. V.), an acient well known bishop of Milevi, often mentioned by the Jansenist literature of the 16th and 17th century, it is supposed that Cavour’s famous saying “Free Church in a free State” doesn’t come either from Vinet (Ruffini) or Montalambert (Passerin d’Entrèves), but from the early 19th century Jansenist tradition to which the two ecclesiastic who had “looked after” Covour’s mother’s conversion from Calvinism to Catholicism belonged (Giuseppe Boyer and Carlo Tardi) and that, moreover, had Francesco of Sales, Camillo’s paternal grandmother’s ancestor, as “Chosen Saint”. Such a tradition had embraced and passed on Ottato’s saying “Respublica non in Ecclesia, sed Ecclesia in Republica est”, assimilated within his family by Cavour who made in the summary of his own concept about the relationship between secular and religious society.
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