Errore, intelletto e volontà nella Seconda Scolastica. Ricerca storico-dogmatica sull’errore “determinante del consenso” di cui all’art. 1429 c.c.
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One of the fundamental categories of the error is that of the determining error as also formalized in the art. 1429 Italian Civil Code; that error in the absence of which the subject would not have concluded the contract or in any case the legally relevant act. Unlike the theories of pandettistic matrix as also accepted by the art. 1109 and 1110 of the Italian Civil Code of 1865, and in the light of the rules in force, the interpreter must not today assess whether the error concerns essential circumstances of the contract, but whether the error is essential for the contractor, so as to determine its consent. This, which seems a novelty introduced with the codification of 1942, however novelty is not, sinking its dogmatic roots in the canonical doctrine of Second Scholasticism in the sixteenth-seventeenth century, which however already gave, albeit in nuce, some answers to current problems of essential error. The right of the Church had already understood these problems, and faced it, offering solutions that would have constituted the prodromes of the current interpretation of the civil norms in terms of error.
keywordsError, determining error, Second Scholasticism, civil law, canon law.
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